Common Causes of Incidents: Poor Risk Assessment, Improper Use, Home-made tools, Incorrect Securing, Operator Error, Snagging and Collisions, Environmental Factors (cold hands!).
Best practice recommendations:
- All use of heavy tools and hand-held machenery where equipment may fall to an underlying level must be risk assessed
- Only certified lifting equipment shall be used as securing devices
- All heavy tools and hand-held machinery used at height must be secured against being dropped, both when in use and while being transported
- Securing points for tools and machinery must be in place above the work site, attached to the surrounding structure not to scaffolding
- Tools heavier than 2 kg should not be secured to the body, secure them to the adjacent worksite structure
- One piece sledge hammers (forged construction with secured head) should be used at height
- If an attachment point other than the belt or bag is required, use an appropriate part of the surrounding structure, preferably above the work level
- The securing wire must be as shorts as possible to reduce shock loading effect
- Energy absorbing lanyards and thethers can stretch beyond the safe calculations or drop distance, therefore fixed securing wires should be used on heavy tools at height, according to the work environment.
- Only certified lifting equipment shall be used as securing devices (where appropriate)
- Fastenings on tools shall be energy-absorbing (fall damper)
- Tools used at height should be check out/in to ensure that nothing is left behind
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